All-American crisis

Marian Wright Edelman | 3/21/2013, 2:34 p.m.
"We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, ...

"We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly."

  • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote those words in his April 1963 Letter from a Birmingham Jail, in the same passage with his well-known warning that "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." A few months later, King wrote that the same culture of violence that killed Medgar Evers in Mississippi in June 1963 and four little Black girls in Birmingham in September 1963 had finally killed President Kennedy in November 1963, reminding us that it-s not possible to confine injustice, hatred or violence to one group or community. What is tolerated in one place will eventually infect and affect everyone.

When many people think about gun deaths in America, the first stereotype that comes to mind is urban gun homicide ‒ a crisis that disproportionately affects the Black community. As a result, too many people assume that despite recurring cases of often labeled "isolated" or "unpredictable" mass gun violence primarily committed by White male shooters, "ordinary" gun violence is mostly a Black problem that is or should be the Black community-s responsibility alone to solve. This is simply not true, although the Black community must mount a much stronger and more persistent voice against gun violence. The fact is that most Americans killed by guns are White, and most Americans who kill themselves or others with guns are White and our nation-s gun death epidemic is not simply a White or Black crisis but an American crisis.

Between 1963 and 2010, 73 percent of gun deaths in America were among Whites ‒ more than 1 million deaths. Large numbers of White parents have borne the terrible burden of losing their child to guns: Whites comprised 62 percent of child and teen gun deaths between 1963 and 2010 ‒ exceeding 100,000 deaths.

In 2010, 65 percent of gun deaths among Americans of all ages were among non-Hispanic Whites, as were 34 percent of gun deaths among children and teens. Gun deaths were the second leading cause of death for non-Hispanic White children and teens that year, second only to motor vehicle accidents, and the fourth leading cause of death among non-Hispanic Whites ages 1 to 64 after cancer, heart disease and non-gun accidents. Eighty-three percent of White gun deaths were suicides, 14 percent were homicides, and 2 percent were accidents. Among White children and teens, 63 percent of gun deaths were suicides, 26 percent were homicides, and 9 percent were accidents.

The state with the highest overall number of gun deaths among non-Hispanic Whites in 2010 was Texas, with 1,620, followed by Florida, California, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Ohio, Georgia, Tennessee, Arizona and Michigan. The 10 states with the highest rates of gun deaths among non-Hispanic Whites were Nevada, New Mexico, Alaska, Wyoming, Arizona, Mississippi, Montana, Alabama, Louisiana and West Virginia.

The total of 31,328 people of all ages who died from guns in 2010 included 20,427 Whites, 7,291 Blacks, 2,943 Latinos, 378 Asian Americans, and 289 American Indians and Alaska Natives.