Breaking the code of silence: transforming trauma to voice
Marian Wright Edelman | 7/14/2014, 11 a.m.
(NNPA) – Michael Patrick MacDonald is a storyteller. He recently encouraged the crowd of young leaders at the Children’s Defense Fund Freedom Schools’ National Training to understand the power of storytelling to create change. His first book, All Souls: A Family Story from Southie, became a national bestseller and won an American Book Award. All Souls and its follow-up, Easter Rising: A Memoir of Roots and Rebellion have captivated readers with their accounts of his childhood in South Boston’s Old Colony housing project and the poverty, crime and addiction that devastated his Irish Catholic neighborhood and killed four of his siblings.
He said All Souls begins with a description of an event he organized in his own community: “I organized an All Souls Day vigil to get the neighborhood to start to come out and to tell the truth about all the deaths in the neighborhood, from murders, overdoses, all of the things that we didn’t talk about, all of the things that we pretended didn’t exist.
“South Boston held the highest concentration of White poverty in America, and I grew up in the housing projects there in a family of 11 kids. Of the 11 kids, we lost four, plus a sister who was crippled in a fight over pills and was pushed off a roof in the projects. But the others all died from poverty and violence as well. My mother was shot as well, and all the years you would go through that stuff, and all of our neighbors were going through that stuff, we were strangled by this code of silence where you were never able to talk about it. You weren’t allowed to talk about this stuff because our neighborhood was controlled by organized crime, but also because the neighborhood was in a state of denial, choosing to believe what the media says – that this stuff doesn’t happen here, this stuff happens ‘over there,’ to ‘those people.’
“That’s Black and Latino people, in particular. [South Boston] is very well known for the race riots of the 1970s, when the neighborhood broke into racist riots over desegregation in the city of Boston, but had an awful lot in common with those neighborhoods that we were trying to keep out – an awful lot in common in terms of class.”
MacDonald knew the code of silence in his neighborhood very well because it was the way he was brought up. In his own family, he was “the quiet one” of the 11 children, and as each of his four brothers died, he initially felt “kind of stunned speechless.” But when he started working “over there” in some of Boston’s other neighborhoods, he realized he wasn’t the only one holding a story inside – and learned how much more power people had when they started letting their stories out and sharing them with each other.
He said, “I decided to write a memoir after years of doing community organizing, especially with a lot of mothers of murdered children, from around the city of Boston – from Roxbury, Dorchester, Mattapan, the Black and Latino neighborhoods, as well as eventually South Boston and Charlestown, the poorer White neighborhoods … and I would organize these press conferences or rallies, and I’d push them to the microphone to get them to tell their stories. I saw what happened to them when they told their stories in whatever amount that they wanted to and were capable of telling – how it changed them, and it was also changing the world.”