Black millennials: Half say they know a victim of police violence
JESSE J. HOLLAND | 11/16/2015, 8:33 a.m.
WASHINGTON (AP) – Years before the high-profile deaths of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown and Freddie Gray, more than half of African American millennials indicated they, or someone they knew, had been victimized by violence or harassment from law enforcement, a new report says.
The information, from the Black Millennials in America report issued by the Black Youth Project at the Study of Race, Politics and Culture at the University of Chicago, reflects starkly different attitudes among Black, Latino, Asian and White millennials when it comes to policing, guns and the legal system in the United States. Researchers, who have surveyed millennials several times during the past decade, point out that the disparities existed well before the Black Lives Matter movement began.
In the 2009 Mobilization and Change Survey, 54.4 percent of Black millennials answered yes to the question “Have you or anyone you know experienced harassment or violence at the hands of the police?” Almost one-third of Whites, 1 in 4 Latinos and 28 percent of Asian Americans surveyed said yes to the same question.
This study comes as the United States grapples with concerns over policing in minority communities following the deaths of Martin, 17, in Florida three years ago, Brown, 18, in Ferguson, Missouri, last year and Gray, 25, in Baltimore earlier this year. Their deaths, as well as those of other Black men and women, have inspired nationwide protests under the “Black Lives Matter” and “Say Her Name” monikers.
But even while being the wellspring of those movements, a clear majority of Black millennials – 71 percent – said in that same survey they believe police in their neighborhood were there to protect them. Eighty-five percent of Whites, 76 percent of Hispanics and 89 percent of Asians also believed police were in their neighborhood to protect them.
“We know that young Blacks are more likely to be harassed by the police. We know that they are more likely to mistrust their encounters with the police,” said Cathy Cohen, chair of the political science department at the University of Chicago and leader of the Black Youth Project. “But we also know from actually collecting data that a majority of them believe that police in their neighborhood are actually there to protect them, so I think it provides us with more complexity.”
Another survey done by the project in 2013, the Black Youth Project Quarterly Survey, showed that the percentage of Blacks and Latinos who said they knew people who carried guns had declined, but more of them knew someone who was the victim of gun violence. Twenty-four percent of Blacks and 22 percent of Latino millennials said they or someone they knew “carried a gun in the last month.” Almost half of White millennials – 46 percent – said they knew of someone who carried a gun.
However, 22 percent of Black millennials and 14 percent of Latino millennials said they or someone they knew were the victim of gun violence in the last year, compared to 8 percent of White millennials.