Guns leathalize anger, despair
MARIAN WRIGHT EDELMAN | 1/18/2016, 4:21 p.m.
(NNPA) – “Every single year, more than 30,000 Americans have their lives cut short by guns – 30,000. Suicides. Domestic violence. Gang shootouts. Accidents. Hundreds of thousands of Americans have lost brothers and sisters, or buried their own children. Many have had to learn to live with a disability, or learned to live without the love of their life.”
President Obama spoke movingly about the lives shattered by America’s gun violence epidemic on Jan. 5 as he announced a series of new executive actions to reduce gun violence. These new measures will not prevent every shooting that snuffs out the lives of nearly seven children to gun violence daily; they will save many lives and help staunch the relentless plague of gun violence that terrorizes our nation’s homes, schools and communities.
The president’s executive actions clarify that for purposes of requiring background checks a person does not need to sell guns in a traditional storefront to be “engaged in the business” of selling guns. Some of those who conduct sales over the Internet or at gun shows will now be required to obtain a license and run background checks on potential purchasers or face stiff penalties.
These steps, coupled with greater efficiency and effectiveness in our background check system, enforcement of existing gun laws, and new investments in mental health treatment and research into gun safety technologies, are long overdue.
Several measures highlight one of the key components of our gun violence crisis: much gun violence begins at home. So many wrongly believe that gun violence happens mostly “out on the streets” and others believe owning a gun will protect their family from gun violence. The opposite is true: A gun in the home increases the risk of homicide, suicide and accidental death.
Guns lethalize anger, domestic disputes, mental illness and despair. A gun in the home makes the likelihood of homicide three times higher, suicide three to five times higher, and accidental death four times higher. The pro-gun lobby has created the fantasy of a gun as a homeowner’s perfect protection against a mythical intruder. In reality, each time a gun in the home injures or kills in self-defense, there are four unintentional shooting deaths or injuries, seven criminal assaults and homicides with a gun, and 11 completed or attempted gun suicides.
Suicides are the leading cause of gun deaths in America. In 2014, 21,334 adults, children and teens committed suicide with a gun compared to 10,945 gun homicides. Whites are most likely to die by gun suicide followed by American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Whites were more than three times as likely as Blacks and nearly five times as likely as Hispanics to commit suicide by guns. In 2014, 929 children and teens committed suicide with a gun and 1,455 children and teens died in gun homicides.
Guns lethalize suicide attempts. Harvard’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Means Matter suicide prevention campaign explains, “Every study that has examined the issue to date has found that within the U.S., access to firearms is associated with increased suicide risk.” States with high gun ownership levels have higher suicide rates because they have more gun suicides while the non-firearm suicide rate is about equal across states. They sum it up simply, “What is it about guns? Guns are more lethal than other suicide means. They’re quick. And they’re irreversible. About 85 percent of attempts with a firearm are fatal: that’s a much higher case fatality rate than for nearly every other method.” Nine out of 10 people who attempt suicide and survive do not go on to die of suicide later – but most people who use a gun for their first try do not get a second chance.