Musical legacy of rock ‘n’ roll legend Chuck Berry

HILLEL ITALIE and JIM SUHR | 3/27/2017, 8:27 a.m.
Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll’s founding guitar hero and storyteller who defined the music’s joy and rebellion in such classics ...
Right photo: Rock and roll legend Chuck Berry plays Johnny B. Goode at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum in Boston, Feb. 26, 2012. Berry and Leonard Cohen were honored with Awards for Song Lyrics of Literary Excellence, presented by Caroline Kennedy. Left photo: Guitarist and singer Chuck Berry performs his "duck walk" as he plays his guitar on stage, April 4, 1980. Harvey Georges (right photo)

NEW YORK – (AP) Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll’s founding guitar hero and storyteller who defined the music’s joy and rebellion in such classics as Johnny B. Goode, Sweet Little Sixteen and Roll Over Beethoven, died Saturday at his home in an unincorporated area west of St. Louis. He was 90.

Emergency responders summoned to Berry’s residence by his caretaker about 12:40 p.m. found him unresponsive, police in Missouri’s St. Charles County said in a statement. Attempts to revive Berry failed, and he was pronounced dead shortly before 1:30 p.m., police said.

Berry’s core repertoire was some three dozen songs, his influence incalculable, from the Beatles and the Rolling Stones to virtually any group from garage band to arena act that called itself rock ‘n roll.

“R.I .P. and peace and love Chuck Berry, Mr. rock ‘n’ roll music,” Beatles drummer Ringo Starr tweeted in reaction to Berry’s passing, quoting from one of Berry’s hits. “Just let me hear some of that rock ‘n’ roll music ...”

While Elvis Presley gave rock its libidinous, hip-shaking image, Berry was the auteur, setting the template for a new sound and way of life. Well before the rise of Bob Dylan, Berry wedded social commentary to the beat and rush of popular music.

“He was singing good lyrics, and intelligent lyrics, in the 50s when people were singing, ‘Oh, baby, I love you so,”’ John Lennon once observed.

Berry, in his late 20s before his first major hit, crafted lyrics that spoke to the teenagers of the day and remained fresh decades later. Sweet Little Sixteen captured rock ‘n’ roll fandom, an early and innocent ode to the young girls later known as “groupies.” School Day told of the singsong trials of the classroom – “American history and practical math; you’re studying hard, hoping to pass...” and the liberation of rock ‘n’ roll once the day’s final bell rang.

Roll Over Beethoven was an anthem to rock’s history-making power, while Rock and Roll Music was a guidebook for all bands that followed (“It’s got a back beat, you can’t lose it”). Back in the U.S.A. was a Black man’s straight-faced tribute to his country at a time there was no guarantee Berry would be served at the drive-ins and corner cafes he was celebrating.

“Everything I wrote about wasn’t about me, but about the people listening,” he once said.

Johnny B. Goode, the tale of a guitar-playing country boy whose mother tells him he’ll be a star, was Berry’s signature song, the archetypal narrative for would-be rockers and among the most ecstatic recordings in the music’s history. Berry can hardly contain himself as the words hurry out, “Deep down Louisiana close to New Orleans/Way back up in the woods among the evergreens,” and the downpour of guitar, drums and keyboards amplifies every call of Go, Johnny Go!

The song was inspired in part by Johnnie Johnson, the boogie-woogie piano master who collaborated on many Berry hits, but the story could have easily been Berry’s, Presley’s or countless others’. Commercial calculation made the song universal: Berry had meant to call Johnny a “colored boy,” but changed “colored” to “country,” enabling not only radio play, but musicians of any color to imagine themselves as stars.