Suffering in silence: Blacks, mental illness

GLENN ELLIS | 9/18/2017, 8:16 a.m.
African Americans endure more intense and frequent mental and behavioral health issues than their counterparts, at least in part related ...

Strategies for Well-Being

African Americans endure more intense and frequent mental and behavioral health issues than their counterparts, at least in part related to poverty and exposure to racism and discrimination, both of which disproportionally affect minorities.

African Americans share the same mental health issues as the rest of the population, with arguably even greater stressors due to racism, prejudice and economic disparities. Meanwhile, many wonder why African Americans shy away from “getting help” as a potential solution to challenges such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, marriage problems and parenting issues.

Mental health or mental illness is rarely discussed within the Black community. In the Black community, mental illness is thought of as a “White person’s disease;” it is nothing that affects Black people. But mental illness is not dependent upon race or gender. Mental health is extremely important for any and everyone, no matter their race may experience or deal with mental health issues. Without mental health, we cannot be healthy. Everyone experiences emotional ups and downs, including Black people.

According to the Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, African Americans are 20 percent more likely to experience serious mental health problems than the general population.

The stigma surrounding mental illness in the Black community is heavy as Black people feel as though choosing to seek professional help, such as a therapist, is a sign of weakness. The topic of mental health is largely absent from discourse in the Black community. It is not a topic that is talked about amongst friends or family given the stigma associated with mental illness in the Black community. In fact, some family members may even ridicule or make fun of the individual dealing with the mental illness. As a result, individuals in the Black community choose to suffer in silence rather than telling anyone what they may be dealing with.

One of the reasons psychologists say Black people suffer more from mental illness versus their White counterparts is because of psycho-social reasons, including socio-economic status, poverty and crime in African American communities.

Here are a few things to consider as we address mental illness as a collective community:

• African Americans in the United States are less likely to receive accurate diagnoses than their Caucasian counterparts.

• Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent many African Americans from accessing care due to prior experiences with historical misdiagnoses, inadequate treatment and a lack of cultural understanding; only 2 percent of psychiatrists, 2 percent of psychologists and 4 percent of social workers in the United States are African American.

• African Americans tend to rely on family, religious and social communities for emotional support rather than turning to health care professionals, even though this may at times be necessary. The health care providers they seek may not be aware of this important aspect of person life.

• Programs in African American communities sponsored by respected institutions, such as churches and local community groups, can increase awareness of mental health issues and resources and decrease the related stigma.