Federal agencies unprepared: Government report shows DHHS scrambled to deal with separation of immigrant families

TEO ARMUS | 11/5/2018, 12:55 p.m.
Federal agencies did not plan for the potential increase of children who were separated from their parents during “zero tolerance,” ...
A report released by the Government Accountability Office Tuesday said that federal agencies did not have systems in place to track children in their care who had been separated from their parents. U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The Texas Tribune

(The Texas Tribune) – Federal agencies did not plan for the potential increase of children who were separated from their parents during “zero tolerance,” according to a report by the U.S. Government Accountability Office.

The report, released Tuesday in response to a request from U.S. Rep. Frank Pallone, D-N.J., said the agencies’ unpreparedness created “challenges to reunification.”

Migrant shelters run by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services were often left scrambling to accommodate an influx of children, as the health agency and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security faced difficulties in reuniting these children with their parents.

As of Oct. 15, nearly 250 separated children had not yet been reunified.

Officials at three federal agencies under Homeland Security and Health and Human Services – who arrest the migrants that cross the border illegally, deport them, transfer children to shelters and oversee those shelters – said they did not find out about “zero tolerance” until it was announced by President Donald Trump April 6, according to the report.

“They were unaware of the memo in advance of its public release,” the report said.

The report was written based on interviews with officials from five offices across the Homeland Security and Health and Human Services departments, as well as visits in late July and early August to government shelters housing migrant children in Arizona and Texas.

Initially, agencies made no distinctions between separated children and the children who regularly arrive at the border unaccompanied.

It wasn’t until April 19 that the Border Patrol agents who arrest migrants were told to denote whether a child was an unaccompanied minor or had been separated from their parents. But that didn’t mean that they consistently did so, the report said, or that the officials tasked with finding a shelter for those children always found out a child had been separated.

Officials at the Office of Refugee Resettlement did not develop a system to note which children were separated until July 6, after Trump ended “zero tolerance” with an executive order.

At shelters, this meant inconsistent information for caseworkers. At one shelter, the report said, staff said they only learned some children had been separated from the children themselves – if those children, sometimes as young as infants, could even explain it.

Because most migrant shelters contracted by the Office of Refugee Resettlement are not equipped to receive young children under age 5, those faced with an influx of these “tender-age” migrants were forced to adapt, the report said. One shelter added cribs, toys and small tables to convert a classroom on its premises into a space for young children.

It noted that no “specific procedures” existed to reunify separated families until a federal judge ordered June 26 that children be reunited with their parents.

In the process of reunification, staff at shelters said it was sometimes difficult to contact the detention centers where parents were being held by Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

Some shelters did not get a list of detention center contacts that were supposed to have been distributed by ICE, the report said, and officials in detention centers would cut short calls between children in shelters and their detained parents.